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TIGR2ESS: Transforming India's Green Revolution by Research and Empowerment for Sustainable food Supplies

A Global Challenges Research Fund project
Millet plants, photo credit to Toby Smith/TIGR2ESS

Overview of Flagship Project 2

Flagship Project 2: Crop Sciences - Water Use and Photosynthesis

a) Improving Water Use and Yield Stability in Pearl Millet and Sorghum

In this part of the project, we aim to identify crops that use water more efficiently without compromising productivity. For every kilogram accumulated, crops can lose around one tonne of water. This is because for plants to grow they must lose water through pores in the leaf. Some crop varieties show more dynamic opening and closing of these pores in response to changing conditions, and thus lose less water per unit growth. Some crops show increased rates of photosynthesis for the same rate of water loss. Our aim is to use germplasm relevant to agriculture in India to identify crop accessions that save water.

Lead: Dr. Rajeev Gupta (ICRISAT)​


Professor Julian Hibberd, Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge

Tracy Lawson (University of Essex)

Jana Kholova (ICRISAT)


Silvere Vialet-Chabrand (University of Essex)

Martin Battle (University of Essex)

Siva Kaliamoorthy (ICRISAT)

Tharanya Murugesan (ICRISAT)

Srikanth Bollam  (ICRISAT)

b) Enhancing Photosynthesis

The aim is to enhance photosynthesis by identifying components of the algal Carbon Concentrating Mechanism (CCM) for expression in higher plants.

Lead: Professor Howard Griffiths

Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge


Gitanjali Yadav (University of Cambridge/ NIPGR Delhi)


Indu Santhanagopalan (Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge)

Citu Gulia (exchange student from NIPGR Delhi to Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge)

Satej Bhushan (NIPGR)

Vipin Kumar (NIPGR Senior Research Fellow)

Manish Kumar (NIPGR Technical Assistant)

Latest news

TIGR2ESS is recruiting

18 December 2018

The TIGR2ESS team in Cambirdge is recruiting a half-time Impact, Data and Outreach Manager. Please check out the advert on the University of Cambridge job opportunities page, here . Please note that applications for this vacancy have now closed.

Global Food Security International Symposium, 8-9 April 2019

14 December 2018

Registration for the Global Food Security International Symposium will soon start. Applicatons for flash talks and posters can be submitted already. Please send your name, title of talk or poster, and a short summary of what you will present (max. 100 words) to . Further details about the...

TIGR2ESS workshop in New Delhi on data mining and the use of 'R'

14 November 2018

The next TIGR2ESS event will be a joint FP2/FP3 workshop, to take place in New Delhi in February/March 2019. The workshop will focus on the use of 'R' for biological data analysis and advanced crop genomics as well as expore different techniques for data mining from literature. The workshop is jointly organised by Dr...