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TIGR2ESS: Transforming India's Green Revolution by Research and Empowerment for Sustainable food Supplies

A Global Challenges Research Fund project
Warangal Tank. Photo credit Toby Smith/TIGR2ESS

Overview of Flagship Project 4

Flagship Project 4: Water Use and Management in a Changing Monsoon Climate

This project aims to use insights from sustainable agricultural practices in the Bronze Age Indus Civilisation and the Historic Kakatiya period to help identify sustainable practices for the present. Today, large parts of India are intensively farmed, which is causing water depletion, whereas the archaeological data sets indicate a high degree of variability in crop choice and growing conditions, which appears to have been a sustainable system that was resilient to climate change, and within which diversity may have been encouraged. We hope to use insights from past practices to inform policy and practice in the present.


Lead: Dr Cameron Petrie

Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge


Professor Martin Jones (University of Cambridge)

Kamal Vatta (CIPT/ Punjab Agricultural University: PAU)

Sandeep Dixit (Centre for International Projects Trust (CIPT))

Anthony Whitbread (ICRISAT)

Kaushal Garg (ICRISAT)

S. Nedumaran  (ICRISAT)


Ms. Sandhya NR (ICRISAT)

Adam Green (Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge)

Gurpreet Singh (Centre for International Projects Trust (CIPT))

Other stakeholders:

Banaras Hindu University, Department of AIHC and Archaeology, BHU;

Columbia Water Centre.